8. The Sermon On The Mount
The "wisdom" of Jesus is concentrated in this sermon. However, it is only an alteration of wise sayings in the Hebrew Bible and Talmud:
he who is lowly in spirit shall obtain honor.
Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom.*****
He heals the brokenhearted, and binds up their wounds.
Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.*****
The meek shall inherit the earth, and delight themselves in the abundance of peace.
Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.*****
You do bless the righteous, O L-rd; You do encompass him with favor as with a shield.
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.*****
Talmud, Shabbath 151b
Rabbi Gamliel said: "Whoever has mercy upon creatures will be granted mercy from heaven."
Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.*****
Who shall ascend the mount of the L-rd, and who shall stand in His holy place? He who has clean hands and a pure heart.
Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see G-d.*****
seek peace and pursue it.
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of G-d.*****
Talmud, Baba Kamma 93a
Rabbi Abbahu said: "A man should always try to be among the persecuted rather than the persecutors."
Blessed are you when men revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account.*****
Talmud, Aboth 5:14
hard to anger and easily reconciled is a kindly man.
leave your gift there before the altar and go; first be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.*****
Talmud, Kallah, Chapter 1
He who regards a woman with an impure intention is as if he had already had relations with her.
But I say to you that every one who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.*****
Talmud, Gittin 90a
The school of Shammai said: "A man should not divorce his wife unless he finds her guilty of an unseemly thing."
But I say to you that every one who divorces his wife, except on the ground of unchastity, makes her an adulteress.*****
Talmud, Baba Mezia 49
Rabbi Judah said: "your `yes' shall be true, and your `no' shall be true."
Let what you say be simply "Yes" or "No".*****
Let him offer his cheek to him who smites him.
but if anyone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.*****
All day he deals graciously and lends.
Give to him who begs from you, and do not refuse him who would borrow from you.*****
If your enemy is hungry, give him bread to eat, and if he is thirsty, give him water to drink.
But I say to you: "Love your enemies, and pray for those who persecute you."*****
All things come alike to all; there is one event for the righteous and for the wicked.
He makes His sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust.*****
Talmud, Shabbath 133b
Abba Saul said: "Be like Him...just as He is gracious and compassionate, so you be gracious and compassionate."
You, therefore, must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.*****
Talmud, Baba Bathra 9b
Rabbi Eleazar said: "A man who gives charity in secret is greater..."
But when you give charity, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, so that your charity may be in secret.*****
Talmud, Berakoth 61a
Rabbi Huna said in the name of Rabbi Meir: "A man's words should always be few in addressing G-d."
And in praying do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do; for they think that they will be heard for their many words.*****
Talmud, Rosh Hashanah 17a
Whose sin does He forgive? Him who forgives transgression.
For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father also will forgive you.*****
Talmud, Baba Bathra 11a
After King Monbas' family rebuked him for giving away all the family's treasures, he answered: "My ancestors stored treasures here below, and I store treasures in heaven....My ancestors stored treasures in a place that could be reached by human hands, but I have stored [them] in a place that can be reached by no human hand."
Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust consume and where thieves break in and steal, but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust consumes and where thieves do not break in and steal.*****
give me neither poverty nor riches....Lest I become full and deny You, and say: "Who is the L-rd?"
No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other,... You cannot serve G-d and mammon [riches].*****
He gives to the beast his food, and to the young ravens that cry.
Look at the birds of the air; they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them.*****
Delight yourself in the L-rd, and He shall give you the desires of your heart.
But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, and all these things shall be yours as well.*****
Talmud, Sotah 48b
Rabbi Eliezer said: "He who has only a morsel of bread in his basket, and asks: `What shall I eat tomorrow?' is a man of little faith."
Therefore, do not be anxious about tomorrow, for tomorrow will be anxious for itself.*****
Talmud, Berakoth 9b
Moses said to G-d: "L-rd of the universe, sufficient is the evil in its time!"
let the day's own trouble be sufficient for the day.*****
Talmud, Sotah 8b
Rabbi Meir said: "The way one measures others will be meted out for him."
For with the judgment you pronounce you will be judged, and the measure you give will be the measure you get.*****
Talmud, Arakin 16b
Rabbi Tarfon said: "...for if one says to him: "Remove the speck from between your eyes," he would answer: "Remove the beam from between your eyes!"
Why do you see the speck that is in your brother's eye, but do not notice the beam that is in your own eye?
Do not speak in the ears of a fool, for he will despise the wisdom of your words.
Do not give dogs what is holy; and do not throw your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under foot and turn to attack you.*****
You shall seek Me and find Me when you search for Me with all your heart.
Ask, and it will be given you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.*****
Talmud, Shabbath 31a
Rabbi Hillel said: "What is hateful to you, do not do to your neighbor. That is the whole Law; the rest is its commentary. Go and learn it!"
So whatever you wish that men would do to you, do so to them; for this is the law and the prophets.*****
Depart from me, all you workers of evil.
And then I will declare to them: "I never knew you; depart from me, you evildoers."